After teaching Phonics second step is to teach kids blending of two letters. but before that we should tell them about vowels and consonants. We shared a table to explain Phonic sounds, Let’s learn about Vowels and Consonants.
Vowels: A sound which we can make with free mouth, without being blocked. Vowels are the words which starts with A, E, I, O,U.
Example: Apple, Elephant, Insect, Owl, Utensil
We use “An” with these words as they are starting with the Vowels.
Vowels are of 3 types:
There are 5 sounds in this pure vowel.
There are 7 sounds here.
There are 8 Sounds in this Vowel.
Bath, Car, Safari
Door, Saw, Walk
Bird, Work, Hurt
Sheep, Eagle, Field
Moon, Grew, Through
|Bit, Busy, Started|
Bed, Said, Dead
Cat, Mat, Apple
Cup, Up, Money
Good, Put, Should
Got, What, Because
About, The, Police
Consonants: A sound which is not a vowel, here the breath is blocked on its way out of the mouth.
The English Letters: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Z and W & Y are known as consonants.
Example: Boy, Cat, Dog & Snake.
We will use “A” with these.
There are 24 consonants in English, divided into 2 parts:
|Voiced Sounds- 15 Sounds||Voiceless Sounds-9 Sounds|
Ball, Hobby, Herb
Dog, Added, Played
Jam, Fudge, Danger
Green, Hug, League
Video, Move, Of
This, With, Mother
Has, Cozy, Zebra
Visual, Leisure, Television
Man, Lamb, Tummy
No, Funny, Knife
Sing, Uncle, Angry
Yes, Onion, View
Light, Feel, Smelly
Right, Berry, Wrong
Win, One, Where
|Pen, Jump, Hopping|
Table, Little, Watched
Itch, Chips, Picture
Key, Car, Luck
Fire, Laugh, Phone
Thick, Teeth, Healthy
See, City, Notice
Shop, Nation, Special
House, Hungry, Who
Phonic (pronunciation) Table
|1||A||a||ah, ऐ||Apple, Axe|
|2||B||b||Bah, ब||Bat, Basket|
|3||C||c||Cah, क||Cake, Camera|
|4||D||d||Dah, ड||Doctor, Dice|
|5||E||e||Eh, ए||Egg, Elf|
|6||F||f||Fah, फ||Fish, Flower|
|7||G||g||Gah, ग||Goat, Gift|
|8||H||h||Hah, ह||Horse, Hawker|
|9||I||i||Ih, इ, आई||India, Island|
|10||J||j||Jah, ज||Jelly, Jar|
|11||K||k||Kah, क||King, Kettle|
|12||L||l||Lah, ल||Ladybird, Ladder|
|13||M||m||Mah, म||Monkey, Mango|
|14||N||n||Nah, न||Nest, Nail|
|15||O||o||Oh, ओ||Orchid, Otter|
|16||P||p||Pah, प||Peas, Pear|
|17||Q||q||Quah, क़्वा||Quill, Quilt|
|18||R||r||Rah, र||Radish, Rose|
|19||S||s||Sah, स||Snail, Sandwich|
|20||T||t||Tah, ट||Tap, Tree, Tulip|
|21||U||u||Uh, अ, यू||Umpire, Uniform|
|22||V||v||Vah, व||Van, Violin|
|23||W||w||Wah, वॉ||Watermelon, Well|
|24||X||x||X, क्स||X-mas tree, X-ray|
|25||Y||y||Yah, य||Yak, Yatch|
|26||Z||z||Zz, ज||Zero, Zip|
P.S- Every Voiceless sound has a similar Voiced sound.
Facts on Letters & Sounds:
- Letters are written, whereas Sounds are spoken.
- When we write, we use spellings (Alphabets) which has 26 Letters.
- When we speak, we use phonetic, which has 44 sounds.
- There are 44 sound in English, divided into 3:
Vowels, Consonants, Diphthongs
- Alphabets letters= 26 letters, 44 sounds
- Vowels: 5 Letters =20 Sound
- Pure Vowels= 12 Sounds, Diphthongs=8 Sounds
- Consonants= 21 Letters=24 Sounds
- Voiced sound of consonants=15 Sounds
- Voiceless Sound of Consonants=9 Sounds
- Digraphs: It is a combination of two letters that make one completely speech Sound: “sh” in Shoe
These are the basic things, which I wanted to share with the kids.
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