Let’s Learn about Consonant and Vowel Sounds:- After teaching Phonics second step is to teach kids the blending of two letters. but before that, we should tell them about vowels and consonants. We shared a table to explain Phonic sounds, Let’s learn about Vowels and Consonants.
Vowels: A sound which we can make with the free mouth, without being blocked. Vowels are the words that start with A, E, I, O, and U.
Example: Apple, Elephant, Insect, Owl, Utensil
We use “An” with these words as they are starting with the Vowels.
Vowels are of 3 types:
There are 5 sounds in this pure vowel.
There are 8 Sounds in this Vowel.
Bath, Car, Safari
Door, Saw, Walk
Bird, Work, Hurt
Sheep, Eagle, Field
Moon, Grew, Through
|Bit, Busy, Started|
Bed, Said, Dead
Cat, Mat, Apple
Cup, Up, Money
Good, Put, Should
Got, What, Because
About, The, Police
Consonants: A sound that is not a vowel, here the breath is blocked on its way out of the mouth.
The English Letters: B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Z, and W & Y are known as consonants.
Example: Boy, Cat, Dog & Snake.
We will use “A” with these.
There are 24 consonants in English, divided into 2 parts:
|Voiced Sounds- 15 Sounds||Voiceless Sounds-9 Sounds|
Ball, Hobby, Herb
Dog, Added, Played
Jam, Fudge, Danger
Green, Hug, League
Video, Move, Of
This, With, Mother
Has, Cozy, Zebra
Visual, Leisure, Television
Man, Lamb, Tummy
No, Funny, Knife
Sing, Uncle, Angry
Yes, Onion, View
Light, Feel, Smelly
Right, Berry, Wrong
Win, One, Where
|Pen, Jump, Hopping|
Table, Little, Watched
Itch, Chips, Picture
Key, Car, Luck
Fire, Laugh, Phone
Thick, Teeth, Healthy
See, City, Notice
Shop, Nation, Special
House, Hungry, Who
Phonic (pronunciation) Table
|1||A||a||ah, ऐ||Apple, Axe|
|2||B||b||Bah, ब||Bat, Basket|
|3||C||c||Cah, क||Cake, Camera|
|4||D||d||Dah, ड||Doctor, Dice|
|5||E||e||Eh, ए||Egg, Elf|
|6||F||f||Fah, फ||Fish, Flower|
|7||G||g||Gah, ग||Goat, Gift|
|8||H||h||Hah, ह||Horse, Hawker|
|9||I||i||Ih, इ, आई||India, Island|
|10||J||j||Jah, ज||Jelly, Jar|
|11||K||k||Kah, क||King, Kettle|
|12||L||l||Lah, ल||Ladybird, Ladder|
|13||M||m||Mah, म||Monkey, Mango|
|14||N||n||Nah, न||Nest, Nail|
|15||O||o||Oh, ओ||Orchid, Otter|
|16||P||p||Pah, प||Peas, Pear|
|17||Q||q||Quah, क़्वा||Quill, Quilt|
|18||R||r||Rah, र||Radish, Rose|
|19||S||s||Sah, स||Snail, Sandwich|
|20||T||t||Tah, ट||Tap, Tree, Tulip|
|21||U||u||Uh, अ, यू||Umpire, Uniform|
|22||V||v||Vah, व||Van, Violin|
|23||W||w||Wah, वॉ||Watermelon, Well|
|24||X||x||X, क्स||X-mas tree, X-ray|
|25||Y||y||Yah, य||Yak, Yatch|
|26||Z||z||Zz, ज||Zero, Zip|
P.S- Every Voiceless sound has a similar Voiced sound.
Facts on Letters & Sounds:
- Letters are written, whereas Sounds are spoken.
- When we write, we use spellings (Alphabets) which have 26 Letters.
- When we speak, we use phonetics, which has 44 sounds.
- There are 44 sounds in English, divided into 3:
Vowels, Consonants, Diphthongs
- Alphabets letters= 26 letters, 44 sounds
- Vowels: 5 Letters =20 Sound
- Pure Vowels= 12 Sounds, Diphthongs=8 Sounds
- Consonants= 21 Letters=24 Sounds
- Voiced sound of consonants=15 Sounds
- Voiceless Sound of Consonants=9 Sounds
- Digraphs: It is a combination of two letters that make one completely speech Sound: “sh” in Shoe
These are the basic things, which I wanted to share with the kids.
Lastly do not forget to join us if you love to get access to all these ideas that I share on this blog, be the awesome Mommies by Subscribing here.
Also, make sure to check your emails as sometimes emails end up in the Junk/Spam folder. You can mark my email’s as NOT Spam so that you won’t miss any article!
Loads of love to Kids!